American Military University Academic Calendar

American Military University Academic Calendar - american military university academic calendar

*Note: Not all courses are taught each month. Please view the Course Schedule for dates offered. LINK HERE

Academic Calendar
FALL 2020
04/27/20 - 10/02/20 10/05/20 - 01/24/21 Fall 2020 Session A 16 Week session
04/27/20 - 10/02/20 10/05/20 - 11/29/20 Fall 2020 Session B 8 Week session
05/25/20 - 10/30/20 11/02/20 - 12/27/20 Fall 2020 Session I 8 Week session
05/25/20 - 10/30/20 11/02/20 - 02/21/21 Fall 2020 Session K 16 Week session
06/29/20 - 12/04/20 12/07/20 - 03/28/21 Fall 2020 Session C 16 Week session
06/29/20 - 12/04/20 12/07/20 - 01/31/21 Fall 2020 Session D 8 Week session
07/27/20 - 01/01/21 01/04/21 - 04/25/21 Winter 2021 Session A 16 Week session
07/27/20 - 01/01/21 01/04/21 - 02/28/21 Winter 2021 Session B 8 Week session
08/31/20 - 01/29/21 02/01/21 - 03/28/21 Winter 2021 Session I 8 Week session
08/31/20 - 01/29/21 02/01/21 - 05/23/21 Winter 2021 Session K 16 Week session
09/28/20 - 02/26/21 03/01/21 - 06/20/21 Winter 2021 Session C 16 Week session
09/28/20 - 02/26/21 03/01/21 - 04/25/21 Winter 2021 Session D 8 Week session
10/26/20 - 04/02/21 04/05/21 - 07/25/21 Spring 2021 Session A 16 Week session
10/26/20 - 04/02/21 04/05/21 - 05/30/21 Spring 2021 Session B 8 Week session
11/30/20 - 04/30/21 05/03/21 - 06/27/21 Spring 2021 Session I 8 Week session
11/30/20 - 04/30/21 05/03/21 - 08/22/21 Spring 2021 Session K 16 Week session
12/28/20 - 06/04/21 06/07/21 - 09/26/21 Spring 2021 Session C 16 Week session
12/28/20 - 06/04/21 06/07/21 - 08/01/21 Spring 2021 Session D 8 Week session
01/25/21 - 07/02/21 07/05/21 - 08/29/21 Summer 2021 Session B 8 Week session
02/22/21 - 07/30/21 08/02/21 - 09/26/21 Summer 2021 Session I 8 Week session
03/29/21 - 09/03/21 09/06/21 - 10/31/21 Summer 2021 Session D 8 Week session

More expensive than the US F-35, how advanced is South Korea's KF-X stealth fighter?

South Korea's KF-X stealth fighter
South Korea's KF-X stealth fighter
At a price that is estimated to be more expensive than the United States' F-35 fighter, is building a South Korean KF-X fighter worth the cost? - The Republic of Korea (ROK) South Korea announced it would buy 40 F-35A Lightning II stealth fighters. It is an addition to the 13 F-35A aircraft the country received in 2019. The announcement coincided with the deployment of South Korean tanks and troops into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) along its border with North Korea.

Last month, The National Interest reported, South Korea also announced that as part of its recently published national plans for 2021-2025, the Asian country will build an aircraft carrier, allowing it to compete with its main regional rivals including China and Japan. The South Korean carrier will reportedly feature a flat flight deck, but it is unclear whether South Korea will acquire a vertical-landing version of the F-35B fighter from Lockheed Martin's Joint Strike Fighter program. South Korea has considered purchasing the F-35B to complement the country's ground-based F-35A.

A more likely scenario is that a future South Korean aircraft carrier will operate on the domestically made KF-X (Korean Fighter eXperimental) multirole fighter jet, which is expected to fly by 2022.The jets reportedly have a top speed of about 2,253 kilometers per hour or approximately Mach 1.83 and has a range of approximately 2,896 kilometers. The KF-X can carry a payload of up to 7,700 kilograms.

This is actually not entirely new news since the KF-X was announced in 2010 as a joint venture between South Korea and Indonesia, but details were scarce until full-size mockups were presented at trade events during last year's Seoul ADEX 2019 exhibition. The promotional video further highlights some of the advanced capabilities, but one interesting thing is that the aircraft has been labeled a 4.5 generation fighter. That means, the National Interest noted, it could be a step backwards for South Korea to adopt the jet instead of the F-35B for its upcoming aircraft carriers.

Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) is reported to have made serious progress on the first prototype. Pictures of the plane have been shared on many news channels including The Drive. KAI has stated that the aircraft will be produced in both single and tandem seat variants. Both versions will feature three hooks under each wing for the weapon and / or external fuel tank. The aircraft will be capable of carrying four missiles under the fuselage.

While this is expected to be an impressive aircraft (or even a true fifth-generation fighter) the tricky thing is the cost. The Eurasian Times reports that some aviation experts estimate KAI's KF-X costs more than Lockheed Martin's F-35. The fighter aircraft is already the largest local weapons development project in South Korean history. According to reports, the South Korean government has spent about 8.6 trillion won (US $ 7 billion) on the project.
South Korea's KF-X stealth fighter
South Korea's KF-X stealth fighter
By the time production begins to produce the 120 or so new jets the Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) wants that could start in 2026, South Korea could face billions increasing by an additional 10 trillion won. The report from notes that each KF-X could cost around US $ 130 million, which is significantly more than the cost of a U.S.-made F-35 in 2019.

Meanwhile, Lockheed Martin has done a reasonable job of lowering the cost of the F-35, particularly by attracting foreign customers. The F-35 remains the only stealth fighter with many expert customers. It remains unclear whether South Korea can get the same attention from potential buyers around the world.

As South Korea needs 120 fighters to replace its aging McDonnell Douglas F-4D / E Phantom II and Northrop F-5E / F Tiger II fighters, The National Interest notes, the KF-X may be the most expensive option.

V60 Q-UGV Robot Dogs Join US Air Force Exercise

V60 Q-UGV Robot Dogs
V60 Q-UGV Robot Dogs - Last week, one of the largest US military high-tech experiments ever looked like something from a science fiction film set. A four-legged robotic dog dashes out of an Air Force plane at an airfield in the Mojave Desert, offering a possible preview into the future of warfare.

Preliminary reconnaissance missions can look very different from the lead electronic dog, making them safer for US troops. In fact, robotic dogs will run outside the plane to scan for threats before the humans on the plane will be deployed.

The robot is just one element of what the US military calls the Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS). Advanced military technology uses artificial intelligence and fast data analytics to detect and counter threats to the US military. Furthermore, the technology is used to protect assets in outer space and possible attacks on the US homeland with missiles or other weapons.

More Specifics about Robot Dogs

The latest ABMS exercises run from 31 August to 3 September, and involve every branch of the military. Also, it includes the Coast Guard, and makes use of 30 locations across the country. In particular, the military is testing electronic canines at Nellis Air Force Base located in Nevada.

"The dogs gave us an overview of the area, while keeping our defenders closer to the plane," said the Teacher Sergeant. Lee Boston of the Air Force's 621th Contingency Response Group.
V60 Q-UGV Robot Dogs US military
V60 Q-UGV Robot Dogs US military
The manufacturer named the electronic dog the Vision 60 UGVs, or 'autonomous unmanned ground vehicle'. Ghost Robotics of Philadelphia, PA invents robotic technology. This promotes the dog's ability to operate in any terrain or environment. In addition, this machine is adaptable to carry various sensors and radios on a platform which is quite easy to use.

"The core design principle for our legged robot is reduced mechanical complexity when compared to other legged robots, and even UGVs with traditional wheel tracking," says the company website. “By reducing complexity, we inherently increase endurance, agility and endurance. Our Q-UGV is unstoppable. "

Indeed, this technology could be a major breakthrough, and could signal the future of the US military. In addition, robots may even be a key part of what Air Force news releases call the "killer chain."
V60 Q-UGV Robot Dogs US military
V60 Q-UGV Robot Dogs US military
“We are learning how to use… ABMS to connect sensors to gunners in all combat spaces, at speed and under threat. This maturation of concepts and capabilities is necessary to fight and win in the information age, "said General John Raymond, head of space operations.

European Common Radar System Mark 2(ECRS Mk2),Next generation radar for the Royal Air Force Typhoon

European Common Radar System Mark 2(ECRS Mk2)
European Common Radar System Mark 2(ECRS Mk2)
BAE Systems and Leonardo have been awarded a contract to develop the Active Electronically Scan Array (AESA), the European Common Radar System Mark 2 (ECRS Mk2) radar, into a standard ready to be integrated into RAF Typhoons.

It will maintain more than 600 highly skilled jobs across the country, including more than 300 at the Leonardo site in Edinburgh, more than 100 electronic warfare specialists at the company's site in Luton, and 120 engineers at the BAE Systems site in Lancashire.

The ECRS2 is a multi-function array (MFA) that will provide the UK Typhoons with world-leading Electronic Warfare capabilities, in addition to traditional radar functions, including Broadband Electronic Attack.

This will equip RAF pilots with the ability to locate, identify and suppress enemy air defenses using high-powered jamming. They can strike targets while being out of range of threats - even when they are looking the other way - and operate within range of adversary air defenses, remaining fully protected.

This game-changing capability will replace the mechanical scanning radar currently equipped with the RAF Typhoons and will ensure Britain retains the freedom to deploy air power wherever and whenever it is needed.

It also allows Typhoon to connect with future data-driven weapons to combat rapidly evolving air defenses, ensuring that British Cyclones can continue to dominate the battle space for years to come.

"This capability will enable the Typhoon to take its place in the space of future combat for decades to come, mature key technologies for future combat air systems and ensure interoperability. Apart from securing highly skilled jobs, it will retain the key skills needed to safeguard Britain. at the forefront of the global Combat Air sector. We look forward to continuing to work with Eurofighter nations and our industry partners to ensure the Typhoon meets today's needs and responds to the challenges of tomorrow. "
Next generation radar for the Royal Air Force Typhoon
Eurofighter Typhoon
Mark Hamilton, Senior Vice President of Electronic Warfare, Leonardo, said:
“This contract is good news for Britain, which will get the most capable combat radar in the world, and good news for British engineering. Creating, developing and building state-of-the-art technology here in the UK allows us to understand and meet the specific requirements of our Armed Forces and to secure export orders around the world, boosting the UK economy as a whole. "

The new radar will be based on Active Electronically Scan Array (AESA) technology and will provide game-changing capabilities based on the revolutionary MFA.

It has a far more Transmit-Receive Element than any other radar, making the Mk2 the most capable AESA combat radar in the world, maintaining the same power and precision of traditional radars, but also allowing simultaneous operation of the wide band Electronic Warfare functions.

RAF Eurofighter Typhoon
RAF Eurofighter Typhoon
BAE Systems, the UK's prime contractor for the Typhoon, will integrate the new sensor to be developed by Leonardo, the British defense electronics champion.

The two companies are currently working as part of a four-country development program with consortium partners Eurofighter in Germany, Spain and Italy on the base version of the AESA radar. The ECRS Mk2 is a new approach designed to meet the future operational needs of the RAF and its export customers.

The UK commitment follows similar commitments from Germany and Spain to submit their own national requirements for the AESA radar.

Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) Ready for delivery to the US Army

AMPV Roll off Event
AMPV Roll off Event
BAE Systems' first Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) is ready for delivery to the US Army. The first vehicle to replace the Army's Vietnam War era M113 was launched from the production line.

One of the modern military constants is that some pieces of equipment become obsolete before they are even used, while others remain functional for decades. Now, it's the turn of the US Army's classic M113s to make way for the new AMPV, which is produced in five variants as part of the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT's Network Modernization Strategy.Based on the general design, each AMPV variant takes advantage of the technology developed for the Bradley Fighting Vehicle. and the M109A7 Self Propelled Howitzer, and the Army will receive 450 engines under the current contract.
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV)
AMPV Roll off Event
AMPV variants include the Mission Command vehicle, which uses advanced digital satellite technology for command and control functions; General Purpose vehicles for supply, maintenance and alternative evacuation of victims; a Mortar Carrier to provide artillery support; Medical Evacuation vehicles for treatment and immediate evacuation; and a Medical Care vehicle which is a "railroad operating room".
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle
Each of these variants share advanced electronics and an upgraded power generation system to support emerging technologies. They also have reactive armored tiles that ward off incoming explosive warheads with counter-detonation, thickened armor to protect against mines, and automatic fire suppression systems. There's also greater visibility for drivers, enhanced network connectivity, and Beyond Line-of-Sight capabilities.
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle
"Completing the first AMPV for delivery marks a major milestone for the program and the US Army," said Bill Sheehy, AMPV program director for BAE Systems' Ground Vehicle product line. "The AMPV is designed to fulfill the Army's mission for the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT), and lay the foundation for a future battlefield."
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle

The sophistication of the British Nuclear Submarine

British Nuclear Submarine
British Nuclear Submarine - Britain has a fleet of four ballistic missile submarines with the capability to destroy even the largest country. This fleet emerged after its ally, the United States, canceled the main weapons system that would form the basis of Britain's nuclear arsenal. Fifty years later, Britain's missile submarine force is the country's only nuclear weapon, constantly preventing nuclear attacks.

Britain's nuclear power in the early 1960s relied on the so-called "V-Force" strategic bombers: Avro Vulcan, Handley Page Victor, and Vickers Valiant. The bombers were equipped with the Skybolt air-launched ballistic missiles, which could penetrate Soviet defenses at speeds of up to Mach 12.4 (9,500 miles per hour). Unfortunately, technical problems hit Skybolt, and the US government canceled the missile in 1962.

The cancellation of Skybolt threatens to cancel Britain's entire nuclear deterrent, and the two nations are racing to find a solution. The United States agreed to offer a new ballistic missile launched by the submarine Polaris to replace Skybolt. Great Britain didn't have a missile submarine to carry Polaris, they had to build one.

The Defense Ministry concluded Britain would need at least five ballistic missile submarines to maintain a credible nuclear deterrent posture. This number was later reduced to four submarines. Like the French Le Redoutable class, the submarines will closely resemble the US Navy's Lafayette-class ballistic missile submarines.

However, unlike Lafayette and Le Redoutable, the new submarines of the Royal Navy Resolution class will have a hydroplane on the bow, with the ability to fold when parked along the docks.

Most of the submarines belonged to the British, with two built by Vickers Armstrong in Furness and two by Cammel Laird at Birkenhead. Missiles, missile launch tubes, and fire control mechanisms, however, are built in the United States. Each submarine is equipped with 16 ballistic missiles launched by the Polaris A-3 submarine. Polaris has a range of 2,500 miles and was initially equipped with a single British warhead. The fix for the missile, the Polaris A-3TK, includes the replacement of the single warhead with two Chevaline warheads and penetration aids.

The first submarine, the HMS Resolution, was deployed in 1964 and commissioned in 1967, followed by Repulse and Renown, commissioned in 1968, and Revenge, which was named in 1969. Resolution first successfully launched a missile off the coast of Florida in February 1968.
British Nuclear Submarine
British Nuclear Submarine
In the early 1980s, the Resolution class needed to be replaced. Despite the end of the Cold War and the disappearance of the Soviet threat, the British remained steadfast and built all four ships. Britain again decided to build its own submarines and equip them with American missiles. The result is four Vanguard class submarines: Vanguard (commissioned in 1993), Victorious (1995), Vigilant (1996) and Vengeance (1999). Vanguard launched its first Trident II missile in 1994, and made its first operational patrol in 1995.

At 15,000 tonnes, Vanguards are twice the size of the previous Resolution class. Although each submarine has 16 launch tubes, the decision was made in 2010 to load each submarine with only eight American-launched Trident II D-5 ballistic missiles.

The Trident II D-5 has a range of 4,600 miles, meaning it can strike targets throughout Russia's Europe with ease. Each D-5 carries eight independently targetable 100 kiloton warheads, giving each submarine a total of 6.4 megatons of nuclear weapons.

The crew of British missile submarines, like their American counterparts, maintain a crew of two per boat to increase vessel availability. Under a program known as Continuous At Sea Deterrence (CASD) at least one submarine began patrolling, with another out of patrol, a third getting ready to patrol, and a fourth undergoing maintenance. According to the Royal Navy, the CASD has not missed a single day in the past 48 years without a submarine on patrol.

In 2016, the Ministry of Defense announced the next generation of Dreadnought class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, dubbed the Successor. The Royal Navy will build four Dreadnought class submarines, each weighing 17,200 tonnes, with construction starting in September 2016.
British Nuclear Submarine
British Nuclear Submarine
Each will have twelve missile tubes instead of 16, and the submarine will use the Trident II D-5 missiles from its predecessor. The Dreadnought vessels are expected to enter service in the 2030s and have a life cycle of 30 years. The ministry expects the new submarines will cost about US $ 39 billion over 35 years. The introduction of the third generation Dreadnought class will provide Britain with a strong strategic deterrent into the 2060s and possibly beyond.

At one time, at least 64 British nuclear weapons were somewhere in the sea, ready to launch within minutes of the alert. While not as powerful as the US strategic deterrent, nuclear weapons are more than sufficient to deter an opponent from launching a surprise attack. The British Royal Navy's ballistic missile submarines have been on a centuries-old mission to protect the country from the sea.

F-35 Lightning II Technology Refresh 3

f-35 lightning ii technology refresh 3
f-35 lightning II
The Technology Refresh 3 program for fifth-generation stealth fighters will include upgrades to the jet's core processor and memory as well as a replacement for the Panoramic Cockpit View.

Introduced in the 1950s, the B-52 Stratofortress remains operational thanks to a number of upgrades it has received over the years. In fact, since it was introduced before the age of advanced computers, the B-52 is much easier to upgrade than more modern aircraft.

In contrast, the highly advanced F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, developed with the latest and greatest aviation computer systems and software, ran into a myriad of problems, while upgrading was extremely difficult.

Since its introduction, the F-35's ground-based ALIS logistics system, intended to streamline reporting and implement predictive maintenance, has remained problematic for many years to the point of "dysfunctionality". Manual input and constant solution are required when the automated system fails to perform its function.

The problem with software is so big that earlier this year, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) warned that the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program, despite producing more aircraft and at lower prices in 2019, was not meeting standards.

The good news is that the next F-35 technology upgrade could solve a lot of issues, but the bad news is, it could also add to more costs, as Ars Technica reported this week.

The Technology Refresh 3 program for fifth-generation stealth fighters will include upgrades to the jet's core processor and memory as well as a replacement for the Panoramic Cockpit View. Other "fixes" will include a radar upgrade along with some hardware adjustments to the hardware for weapons handling.
f-35 lightning ii technology refresh 3
f-35 lightning II
As reported, most of the upcoming updates will be in software, but that also continues to be a drawback to the F-35 program, in part because updates have been delayed and often result in new problems, including software conflicts that need to be resolved.

Intelligence Aerospace also reported that the Pentagon's goal of updating the fighter's software every six months through the Continuous Capability Development and Delivery (C2D2) program was also unable to keep up with new capability upgrades as planned.

One serious problem is that software changes, which are meant to introduce new capabilities or to correct flaws, are actually prone to creating stability issues and even adversely affecting other functionality.

If the new Technology Refresh 3 works according to plan, it could provide new capabilities for advanced stealth fighters. The software upgrade is mission-focused, and it includes new software intended to enhance the aircraft's electronic warfare capabilities and also enable the F-35 to expand its weapon loading options, enhancing its electronic warfare capabilities, while software upgrades should also increase safety for pilots.

If Technology Refresh 3 went according to plan, it could solve some of the F-35's bigger problems. However, that won't solve all the problems, especially the F-35's Automated Logistics Continuity System (ALIS), which is also reportedly a source of frustration at the Department of Defense (DoD).
f-35 lightning ii technology refresh 3
f-35 lightning II technology refresh 3
The F-35 also has its own software problems, Ars Technica reports, and an even worse problem caused by errors in the digital log (Electronic Equipment Log) has resulted in the shipment of parts not ready to install, causing hundreds of millions of dollars in additional costs. .

Lockheed Martin is also reportedly working on improvements to ALIS, but the Department of Defense is now working to replace the system completely with a cloud-based, co-developed system, called the Operational Data Integrated Network (ODIN). However, GAO has expressed concern over ODIN, citing a lack of clarity about the objectives of the combatants' logical system redesign.

While the F-35 is still a very sophisticated fighter, there are times when upgrading an old "war bird" like the B-52 is much easier than troubleshooting what is supposed to be a perfect fighter.

Why U.S. B-52 Bombers Can Last 100 Years

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress - According to the US Air Force's plans, the B-52 bomber will be operational until 2050, making it the first (and possibly the only aircraft) to remain in continuous operation for a hundred years.

What caused the B-52's longevity? Clearly, the Air Force's willingness to continue upgrading an airframe that was designed to last is a very important factor.

However, that was not all. Here's why the B-52 bomber was destined to outlive all the engineers who designed it, and most of the pilots who flew it.

The B-52s were assembled shortly after the successful strategic bombing campaign against Japan. Air Force planners wanted long-range combat aircraft that did not require a close base to complete their mission like the B-29s, which required a base in the Mariana Islands.

Today, a century later, US military planners are once again focused on the vast Pacific and the scarcity of bases available in its western region, as China becomes a major concern driving US national defense strategy.

The B-52's design gradually evolved during the initial design phase, becoming an eight-engine jet aircraft that could fly thousands of miles without refueling. Its range today is stated at 8,800 miles when traveling at 525 miles per hour with a 35 ton bomb payload, but can be refueled in the air to fly further.
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
Equipped with cruise missiles and other ammunition, it can strike targets anywhere in the world quickly from bases in the US. That is what makes long-range bombers different from other combat systems in the joint force.

But the B-52 didn't just have the ability to fly long distances and have a large payload. Unlike the B-1 Lancer (a supersonic bomber that first flew in 1974), the B-52 can carry out nuclear deterrence missions. Unlike the B-2 Spirit, which first flew in 1989, the B-52s were in sufficient numbers to defend conventional combat missions indefinitely against long-range enemies (there were only 20 B-2s in the fleet).

Long-range, nuclear, or conventional strike missions are only the beginning. In Afghanistan, B-52 crews demonstrated they can provide air support to ground troops using a wide range of precision-guided munitions.

They can also carry out maritime surveillance and naval control over large areas, laying mines if necessary, with two bombers covering 140,000 square miles of ocean in two hours. Their ability to stay on the air for long hours makes them prime candidates for electronic reconnaissance or interference in support of other forces.

Indeed, the B-52 bomber lacked stealth. However, these bombers were equipped with tools designed to thwart enemy attempts to target them.
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
The Air Force is currently planning to equip the B-52 with the long range standoff (LRSO) stealth capability Raytheon Technologies will build. The weapon will ease the challenge of penetrating the target's defenses.

With a range of 1,500 miles, the LRSO will keep the B-52 safe on nuclear deterrence missions for decades to come. The same weapon can be adapted for use in conventional (non-nuclear) missions if other standoff weapons prove inadequate to strike a variety of potential targets safely.

One of the reasons the Air Force intends to continue flying B-52s until 2050 is, most of the B-52s in the fleet are ready for combat in a short period of time. In 2019, the B-52's mission capability rate was 66 percent, far better than the 60 percent level of B-2 bombers, and far better than the 46 percent level of B-1 bombers.

The higher level of readiness coupled with the larger number of B-52s in the current troop, made the bulk of the long-range attack aircraft available for combat were B-52s.

This situation will not change. Air Force planners were unhappy with some of the features of the B-1 bomber since the aircraft first joined the force, particularly its electronic architecture for defending aircraft and carrying out assault missions.
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
The B-2 is by far the most stealthy bomber in the army, but the combination of the small number and complex maintenance procedures required to maintain its stealth features hampers its readiness. The Air Force has made great strides in strengthening the B-1 and B-2 grades, but not a single aircraft is likely to surpass the B-52's combat readiness.

Compared to the operating costs of other bombers, the B-52 was inexpensive. As David Ax reports in Forbes, “The B-52 is economical. It takes about US $ 70,000 to fly the B-52 for one hour. That's roughly the same as the B-1 cost for an hour's flight, and half the cost of the B-2. "

Ax predicts operating costs for the B-52 will fall as the bomber will be equipped with a new, more fuel-efficient engine in the future.

However, there is no guarantee the plane will be re-engineered. This possibility has emerged every decade since the Pratt & Whitney T33 turbofan made its debut on the "H" variant of the B-52 in 1961. Somehow, the Air Force never got around to buying the new engine.

Given the many pressures that are engulfing the federal budget, the current reengineering effort can work like previous initiatives. Fuel costs do not appear to be a major driver of future modernization decisions.

However, the B-52s were confirmed to remain in the heavy bomber fleet even as the other new bombers headed for the "airplane graveyard". After all these years, the US Air Force still can't live without it.

Norinco GZM003 - Rantis Amphibious Pontoon For Combat Engineering Operation Degree

Norinco GZM003 - Rantis Amphibious Pontoon - China's reverse engineering has been dominant in the lines of hand-held weapons, missiles, tanks / armored vehicles, fighter jets to cannons / cannons. Meanwhile, the achievements in the combat assistance line are rarely heard or minimally reviewed by the media. But make no mistake, it turns out that the champion manufacturer of China North Industries Corporation (Norinco) actually has a product for the combat engineering unit (Zipur), namely an amphibious pontoon vehicle with a tracked self-propelled (SP) pontoon bridge system.

As recently shown, his figure on broadcast via China Central Television 7 (CCTV 7) is romantic GZM003. Rantis with this KAPA PTS-10 admiral tongkrongan Marine Corps, made in China on the basis of the PMM-2M design from the Soviet Union (Ukrainian production) by Waggonbau Krjukow manufacturer. Once upon a time, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, manufacturing was restructured and from producing weapons, production was then directed towards manufacturing commercial vehicles.
Norinco GZM003 - Rantis Amphibious Pontoon
It was not until 1993 that China expressed interest in acquiring two PMM-2M units from Ukraine. In the purchase package, China also received a training and repair package from the Ukrainian side.
Whether it was licensed or illegally reverse engineered, the PMM-2M was later reconstructed for the needs of the Chinese Army. And as expected, in the hands of Norinco, this pontoon rantis was later produced under the label GZM003. And the great thing is, Norinco is staying up on the GZM003 for the export market.

GZM003 is based on a chain chassis made in China with six rollers. In a lined configuration, the two hinged GZM003 can be folded on top of each other. Multiple GZM003 can operate in pairs or individually. This rantis is propelled in the water using two electrically operated propellers and accelerates to a maximum speed of 10 km per hour.
Norinco GZM003 - Rantis Amphibious Pontoon
Each unit of the GZM003 has a folding loading and unloading path, which allows loading and unloading from both sides. Norinco said that it only took six minutes to prepare one unit of the GZM003. Meanwhile, combining the two GZM003 units only takes eight minutes. When two GZM003 are put together, they can act like a ferry traveling 9 km per hour.
Norinco GZM003 - Rantis Amphibious Pontoon
GZM003 is operated by three personnel, using diesel engine power, the maximum speed when traveling on the ground is 55 km per hour. While the operating range is up to 500 km. Overall, the combat weight of the GZM003 is up to 43 tons.

Russian Helicopters Show New Mi-35P Variant, Digital Avionics

Russian Helicopters Mi-35P Digital Avionics - Moscow, - After offering the Mi-35P upgrade package in 2018, Russian Helicopters (part of the Rostec Corporation) is now introducing a new variant of the Mi-35P “flying IFV”. The new variant in question is actually the result of an upgrade made at the production facility in Rostvertol. The first model of the new Mi-35 has completed specific flight tests and received confirmation of its performance characteristics based on the new weaponry and new types of onboard equipment.

The series of tests resulted in the finalization of the helicopter design which confirmed the model's readiness for the mass production phase. "Last year we demonstrated this helicopter to a number of potential customers, and today we can confidently say that the helicopter is reliable, we have also launched serial production of the Mi-35P under the first contract with a foreign customer," said Andrey Boginsky, Director General of Russian Helicopters.
Russian Helicopters Mi-35P Digital Avionics
The newly upgraded Mi-35P is equipped with the OPS-24N-1L target sight system which is enhanced with 3rd generation long-wave matrix thermal imaging, high-resolution color TV camera and laser rangefinder. The helicopter crew is also equipped with modern 3+ generation night vision goggles, as well as a set of external and internal lighting equipment adapted for crew use.
The flight control system is also all-new with the support of digital technology to improve control and stability of the helicopter and provide automation to pilots. In addition, the targeting and computing systems have also been updated to improve fire accuracy.

The new generation Mi-35P is armed with a 23mm dual barrel cannon and an S-8 rocket launcher. Weapon configurations can still be added by installing cannon pods, S-13 rocket launchers, Ataka anti-tank missiles and Vikhr-1 / Vikhr-1M missiles on suspended containers.

The new Mi-35P variant is also expected to fly at any time of the day in simple or difficult weather conditions, whether flying under visual and instrument rules, in various geographic conditions, including over non-landmark terrain. At the same time, the Mi-35P can maintain its ability to carry out both guided and non-guided weapon fire in all conditions. The new Mi-35P design is also said to be designed to reduce the operator's maintenance burden.
Russian Helicopters Mi-35P Digital Avionics
For information, the Mi-35P is an export variant of the Mi-24 Hind-E. Easily recognized by the adoption of a fixed side-mounted canon, the GSh-30K 30 mm caliber. This two-barrel canon is attached to the right side of the cockpit. Ammunition stock for this canon is 750 rounds.
In its operation, the Mi-35P requires a crew of three, consisting of a pilot, a copilot who doubles as an arms operator and a technician (flight engineer). The pilot seat formation is above the copilot's seat position.

SKKSh-568 8 × 8 - Prototype of the Rantis Tor missile launcher from Kalashnikov

SKKSh 568 8 × 8 Tor Kalashnikov missile - Moscow - Although he is already well-known as an individual weapons manufacturer, Kalashnikov has since several years ago released several defense products other than machine guns. After releasing a noise-free trail bike, kamikaze drones, anti-drone weapons and patrol boats, there is the latest news from the Army 2020 event, that this legendary Russian manufacturer has released a tire-wheeled armored rantis chassis for the needs of the Arhanud line. This was Kalashnikov's first foray into tactical truck design.

It is said that the Kalashnikov Group launched a prototype racist chassis which is labeled Spetsialnoye Korpusnoye Kolesnoye Shassi-568 (SKKSh-568), where the rantis is staying as a launch platform for hanud missiles.

This romantic prototype project is fronted by the JSC Mytishchi Machine-Building Plant (a Kalashnikov subsidiary) and has been in development since 2019. A company spokesman said the SKKSh-568 has met the requirements required by the Russian Ministry of Defense and foreign customers. The SKKSh-568 is 8 × 8 propelled and features ballistic protection and amphibious capabilities.

JSC Mytishchi Machine will develop the SKKSh-568 for adoption on various platforms, but the main one is as an hanud missile launching platform. For the first stage, the SKKSh-568 will be integrated with the Tor-M1 missile launcher. Currently testing is continuing on the prototype, and it is planned that trials with the Tor system will begin in 2021, after which serial production of the platform will be carried out in 2023.

This chassis is supported by a diesel engine from the Tutaev Motor Plant with a power of 650 hp. In theory, the engine performance can support a maximum speed of up to 80 km per hour and an average speed of 60 km per hour on surface roads. The platform's maximum cruising range is 800 km. For amphibious capabilities, two water jets are installed at the rear of the vehicle.

US marine corps recruiting

US marine corps recruiting - Recruiters for the Marine Corps typically meet their annual quota, as meeting USMC's needs is twice as easy as meeting Army recruitment needs. With the exception of the Coast Guard, the Marine Corps is the smallest military service and only needs to recruit about 38,000 new recruits per year, compared to the Army's average recruitment goal of 80,000 per year.

How US marine corps recruiting

You may have had experience with any Navy recruiter or branch of the military a year where they were very proactive and contacted you to find out if you were interested in military service. During this time, the military usually needed a body to fill the basic training pipeline and training camp training. However, if the recruitment process is easy and the military meets all their needs, entering the military may prove to be more of a competitive endeavor.

During wartime, the need for a larger number of recruits can increase significantly. Depending on the economy and political climate of the war, it will be very difficult to meet the required new quotas. During the 1960s-70s, it was extremely difficult to recruit young men and women to serve in the military with the onset of the Vietnam War and a political and social climate that did not make it a lucrative choice for many Americans. So much so that the draft was needed to meet the needs of an ever-increasing military size.

However, if the timing is similar to that after being attacked on December 7, 1941, or September 11, 2001, the need for more recruits will be greater but the overwhelming response of young men and women who want to serve will also increase to meet growing needs. from the military. During these phases, the military has various standards to support entry-level recruitment. These can be waived or changed depending on the urgency of the national recruitment required, so there are times when it is easier and more difficult to join the military.

US marine corps recruiting

The Marine Corps can be selective with their recruits and require higher physical standards, ASVAB scores, and medical standards when necessary. However, during times of recruitment need and difficulty, signing bonuses can be added as well as new enrollment programs to assist with preferred employment (MOS) and the education and training that new recruits can receive if they qualify.

The Marine Corps requires an ASVAB score of at least 32 to register. However, over the past few years, about 70 percent of all new Marines have scored 50 or more.
US marine corps recruiting
Corps recruitment regulations only allow about five percent of their applicants per year to join without a high school diploma. However, over the past few years, 99 percent of new Marine recruits have had a high school diploma or at least 15 college credits. To even be considered for GED registration, applicants must score at least 50 on ASVAB (your odds are much better if you score at least 90). The Marine Corps is the only service that requires waiver if you acknowledge a history of marijuana use. However, if you have used the pot less than 10 times or more in your life, it is likely that a waiver will be approved. The Marine Corps generally approves of a higher level of criminal history relief than the Air Force and Coast Guard, but - because it is a "physically intense service," it generally agrees on less medical waivers.

However, there are some crimes that will never get relief. Moral disregard for crimes is rare, even when needed, but occurs on a case-by-case basis. Recently, the Marine Corps announced that they would no longer waive any criminal sexual offenses, regardless of the situation.

Although Marines will consider eligible pre-service applicants, all non-Marine conscription participants must attend full Marine Corps basic training (Marines are the only service under this policy).

United States military schools and academies Federal Service

Federal Service Academies - A service academy is a federal agency that provides undergraduate education and trains aspiring officers for service in the United States Armed Forces. Applying to the Military Service Academy is a rigorous, highly competitive, and lengthy process for only the most determined and qualified candidates.

Federal Service Academies

1. United States Military Academy (West Point, New York)
United States Military Academy
United States Military Academy (West Point, New York)
The mission of the US Military Academy at West Point is "to educate, train, and inspire the Corps of Cadets so that each graduate is an assigned leader of character committed to the values ​​of Duty, Honor, Country and prepared for an excellent and professional career and service to the Nation. as an officer in the United States Army. "

2. United States Naval Academy ( Annapolis, Maryland )
 United States Naval Academy
United States Naval Academy ( Annapolis, Maryland )
As an undergraduate college of our nation's naval service, the Naval Academy prepares young men and women to become competent, character, and compassionate professional officers in the US Navy and Marine Corps. Naval Academy students are midfielders who serve actively in the US Navy.

They attended the academy for four years, graduating with a bachelor's degree in science and commission as a banner in the Navy or second lieutenant in the Marine Corps. Naval Academy graduates serve at least five years in the Navy or Marine Corps.

3. United States Air Force Academy ( Colorado Springs, Colorado )
United States Air Force Academy
United States Air Force Academy ( Colorado Springs, Colorado )
The Air Force Academy is a military and university organization. Most of the Academies were established like most other Air Force bases, notably the 10th Air Base Wing, but supervisors, commanders, faculty deans and cadet wings were established in a way that resembled a civil university.

The Superintendent is the commander of the Academy and is responsible for the Academy's military training, academics, athletics, and character development programs.

The commander oversees 4,400 cadet wing members and more than 300 Air Force and civilian support personnel and is responsible for cadet military training and Air Force education, supervises cadet life activities and provides support for facilities and logistics.

The Dean of the Faculty commands 700 mission elements and oversees the annual course design and instruction of more than 500 courses across 32 academic disciplines and directs the operation of five faculty support staff and resource bodies involving more than $ 250 million.

The 10th Air Base wing is composed of more than 3,000 military, civil and contract personnel who perform all base-level support activities, including law enforcement and force protection, civil engineering, communications, logistics, military and civilian personnel, financial management, services, and clinics, for a military community of about 25,000 people.

4. United States Coast Guard Academy ( New London, Connecticut )
United States Coast Guard Academy
United States Coast Guard Academy ( New London, Connecticut )
The Coast Guard Academy (CGA) is one of five federal service academies. Located in New London, Conn., CGA's mission is to produce leaders of character to serve the nation. Nearly 300 high school graduates enroll every year, leaving four years later with a bachelor of science and commission degrees as the banner.

The CGA is one of the top ten academic experiences in America. Graduates experience more than just intellectual growth. Opportunities to develop physically, morally and spiritually set the academy apart. Two-thirds typically graduate in engineering, which includes civil engineering, mechanical engineering, naval architecture and marine engineering, electrical engineering, operations research and computer analysis, and marine environmental science. More than sixty percent competed in divisions I and III inter-tertiary sports.

CGA is tuition free and cadets also earn low salaries. Graduates are required to serve for five years after graduation.

5. United States Merchant Marine Academy ( Kings Point, New York )
United States Merchant Marine Academy
United States Merchant Marine Academy ( Kings Point, New York )
The United States Merchant Marine Academy is a federal service academy that educates and graduates exemplary character leaders who are committed to serving the national security, marine transportation, and economic needs of the United States as licensed Merchant Marine Officers and officers assigned to the Armed Forces. With 95 percent of the world's product transported by water, these leaders are critical to the effective operation of our merchant fleet for both commercial and military transportation in peace and war. Academy graduates adhere to the motto: "Acta Non Verba," or "Non-Word Actions," and are leaders who exemplify the concept of service-over-self.

Known for its rigorous academic program, USMMA requires more credit hours for baccalaureate degrees than any other federal service academy. This challenging course is supplemented by the Ocean Academy Years experience, which gives midshipmen the opportunity to gain hands-on, real-world experience aboard working commercial or military ships sailing into ports around the world.

All graduates have a post-graduation service obligation that provides the most career options offered by any federal academy.

Graduates may choose to work five years in the United States maritime industry with eight years of service as an officer in any reserve unit of the Armed Forces.

Or five years of active service in one of the country's Armed Forces.