12 of the Most Prestigious Military Academies in the World
Military Media.net - The military leadership school has so far remained one of the best candraduka craters for the birth of national leaders in the world. From these schools or institutions initiated by the military, many figures were born in many countries in the world. Here are some of the best military academies with the most stringent and most prestigious entry in the world.
1. United States Military Academy (West Point)
The academy provides a comprehensive but balanced curriculum to instill the knowledge, skills and attributes needed to become tough fighters and overcome each challenge professionally and personally. After graduating, cadets were assigned as second lieutenants in the US Army. The de facto motto of West Point is "Much of the history we teach is made by the people we teach".
Sure enough, the Academy has produced many people who have shaped US and world history. West Point has a long list of well-known graduates including two Presidents, Ulysses S. Grant and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Other Civil Generals include Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. While World War II alumni of West Point who are popular include Douglas Mac Arthur, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley and Henry H. Arnold.
2. RAF College Cranwell, United Kingdom
RAF College Cranwell was the first air academy in the world when it was opened in 1919. This British Royal Air Force education and training school provides initial training to RAF personnel who wish to be assigned as officers. The College is also responsible for all RAF recruitment activities.
Most RAF officers complete a 32-week course in transforming leadership, air power studies (including ethics). Famous alumni include Prince Charles and William as well as several members of the Arab aristocracy.
3. Saint-Cyr Special Military School, France
Founded by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1803 in Fontainebleau, L'Ecole Speciale Military de Saint-Cyr is a French national military academy. Five years later Napoleon moved the institution to Saint-Cyr-l'Ecole near Versailles at the location of a 17th-century school founded by Louis XIV's wife.
However, buildings were destroyed in World War II and the academy was moved to Coetquidan, Brittany after the war but the name was retained because of its popularity. During the 19th century and the early decades of the 20th century, the Saint-Cyr school only prepared officers and staff for infantry and cavalry.
However, after World War II, he began training engineers, technical officers, and artillery. Women were accepted into the academy only in late 1983. Today, Saint-Cyr offers a three-year educational program with a master's degree in management, engineering and international relations, and graduates become first lieutenants in the French army. The founder father of modern France, General Charles de Gaulle is an alumni of this academy who graduated satisfactorily in 1911.
4. PLA National Defense University, China
This institution is the Beijing national university under the leadership of the Central Committee of the People's Liberation Army (PLA). This institution was formed in 1985 as a result of the merger of the PLA Military Academy, the PLA Logistics Academy and the PLA Political Academy.
The PLA National Defense University is a leading military education institution in China. The establishment of this academy is claimed as a response to the establishment of the US West Point academy. The curriculum taught at the academy includes the Joint Command and Staff Course, the National Defense Course and the Advanced Refresher Course.
Advanced studies teach High Command and Defense Studies Courses. Postgraduate School is a level where students consist of Captain, Lieutenant, Senior Colonel, and PLA Captain. Since the big merger in 1985, PLA NDU has produced more than 10,000 senior professionals in various fields.
More than 800 medium foreigners to senior military professionals have participated in this academy. All field commanders and PLA service heads are currently PLA National Defense University graduates.
5. Academy of General Staff, Russia
First known as the Imperial Military Academy, it was founded in 1832 in St. Petersburg. The Academy offers higher military education to Tsar land officers and surveyors.
The Academy employed some of the best military tactics and theorists of its time such as Alexei Bajov, Heinrich Leer, Nikolai Medem and Alexander Myshlayevsky. Under them, the Academy made a significant contribution to military theory. In 1918, the General Staff Academy became the Red Army Military Academy.
In 1921, what remained of the General Staff Academy was dissolved. The name was reintroduced when the Voroshilov Military Academy of the Soviet Army General Staff was established. Currently known as the Military Academy of the Russian Armed Forces General Staff. Among the academy's most famous alumni are Abdolhossein Teymourtash, Fyodor Radetsky, Nikolai Stoletov, and Mikhai Skobelev.
6. Japanese National Defense Academy
The Japanese National Defense Academy is an integrated state educational institution to train Army, Navy and Air Force cadets. The four-year course is designed to train students intellectually, physically and psychologically to grow into future leaders of the Japanese Self Defense Forces (JSDF).
After graduation, students undergo further training at the school of officers of the three JSDF military wings. In the prewar period, the Navy and the Imperial Japanese Army had two separate academies before they were united. The academy offers master and doctoral courses for eligible candidates.
In addition to producing exceptional military officers who have led Japanese armed forces, the Academy has given senior Japanese politicians Kimiya Yui and Satoshi Morimoto to each be an astronaut and academic academic.
7. South African Military Academy
The academy was founded in 1950 under the University of Pretoria and is now named the College of the Army of South Africa. This academy was created by adopting the United States military academy system to develop military officers who could meet the challenges of modern warfare.
The Academy provides a Bachelor of Military degree in Arts, Science and Commerce. Postgraduate degrees at master and doctoral level are also offered.
The Ministry of Defense decides that applicants to the Academy must meet the requirements in their respective services before gaining entry to the Academy. Therefore starting in 1976, junior officers did not have to undergo a degree program at the Academy.
The South African military is currently being rebuilt after the apartheid politics. The name of the country's armed forces also changed to the South African National Defense Force (SANDF).
8. Evelpidon Hellenic Military Academy, Greece
The Greek Army Officer cadet school, the Evelpidon Military Academy was founded in 1828 by Ionnis Kapodistrias, the first Governor of modern Greece. The aim is to improve the capabilities of Hellenic Army officers (Infantry, Armor, Artillery, Engineering and Aviation). This institution also provides manpower for the Technical Corps, Transportation & Supply and Corps.
Academy graduates continue their careers to become not only distinguished military officers but also high-level scientists and writers. The Academy successfully produced the first civil engineer and the first Physics and Mathematics professor in Greece. The first Hellenic Navy and Air Force officers in the Balkan War were also graduates of the Evelpides Academy.
9. National Defense Academy, India
In 1941, the Sudanese government awarded a gift of USD100,000 to Lord Linlithgow, Governor General of India, to thank him for the sacrifice of Indian troops in the East African World War II Campaign. After the war, Commander of the Indian Army, Field Marshall Claude Auchinlek led a committee which studied various military academies throughout the world.
He then recommended the establishment of a Joint Service Military Academy that mimics the US Military Academy at West Point. After partition, the Indian government decided to use a gift from Sudan to cover part of the costs of building the National Defense Academy (NDA) in Dehradun, the capital of the state of Uttarakhand. NDA offers a housing undergraduate program that teaches academics, Military Studies, Military History & Geography, Human Rights and Law of Armed Conflict. The academy graduates will then follow further training in an accredited school of the military wing of their choice. One of the most famous NDA alumni is India's first cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma.
10. Pakistan Military Academy
Also known as the PMA (Pakistan Military Academy), this academy is the first federal accredited military service school in Pakistan. Old Indian Army Brigadier Francis Ingall became the first PMA Commander. He formed the Pakistan Military Academy after the formation of Sandhurst (England), Saint-Cyr (France and West Point (US).
The academy provides four-year undergraduate programs with subjects such as English, Military Geography, International Relations, Islamic Studies, and Military, General & Social Sciences. Students also attend grueling physical training to develop combat quality for Pakistan's armed forces.
Alumni so far have also succeeded in producing several Pakistani national figures including General Rahimuddin Khan, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Parvez Musharraf, and General Ashfaque Parvez Kayani, a former Army Chief of Staff.
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